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Scientific Names of Plants and Animals

Scientists through out the world use a common system for naming organisms, this system is known as the binomial nomenclature. In this system two words are used to name the organisms that represents its generic name and the other its specific epithet. Biological classification is necessary as the number of living things are enormous. New forms of species keep adding on every year. The organisms vary greatly in their form, structure and their mode of life. The organisms needs to be divided into groups and subgroups in a definite plan, so that the study of living things becomes easy.

Advantages of using scientific names for an organism are as follows:

  • The scientific name remains the same world wide and hence is easily recognizable.
  • The possibility of confusion due multiple name s given to the same organism in different parts of the world is eliminated by scientifically naming the organism. 
  • A relationship between different species of organisms in a particular genus can be deduced by scientific names. 
  • It also helps in recognizing or identifying any new organisms discovered.
  • Any incorrect name to a particular organism can be corrected. 
  • The scientific names provided are often descriptive and also indicate some important characteristics of the organisms.
The scientific names consists of two terms, the genus name and the species name. The genus name always starts with a capital letter and the species name always starts with a small letter. This process of naming organisms scientifically is known as 'taxonomy'. Assigning scientific names to organism was first developed by a Swedish scientist 'Carlous Linnaeus'.

Scientific Names of Plants and Animals

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List of Scientific Names of Common Plants

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The binomial nomenclatures of common plants are listed as follows:

Common Name    Scientific Names 
 Sunflower   Helianthus annuus 
 Mango  Magnifera indica
 Neem Azadicta indica
 Rose Rosa
 Tulsi Ocimum tenuiflorum 
 Apache Plume Fallugia paradoxa
 Aplle Blossom Grass Gaura
 Wild rye  Elymus sp.
Wild Oats Avena fatua
 Red Maple Acer rubrum
 Rice  Oryza sativa
 Wheat Triticum spp.
 Finger millet  Eleusine coracana
 Barley  Hordeum vulgare
 Coriander Coriandrum sativum 
 Cashew nut  Anacardium occidentale
 Curry leaf Murraya koenigii
 Dragon fruit Hylocereus undutus
 Ginger Asarum
 Orange Citrus sinensis
 Papaya Carica papaya
 Pine apple Ananas comosus
 Cinnamon  Cinnamomum zeylanicum

List of Scientific Names of Common Animals

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The binomial nomenclatures of common animals are listed as follows:

Common Name    Scientific Names  
 Dog  Canis lupus
 Housefly Musca domestica
 Tiger Panthera tigris
 Lepoard  Panther pardus
 Lion Panthera leo
 Bear  Ursidae carnivora
 Crow Corvus splendens
 Ant Hymenopetrous formicidae
 Bat  Chiroptera
 Buffalo Bison bonasus
 Cat Felis catus
 Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus
 Crocodile Crocodilia niloticus
 Elephant Proboscidea elepahantidae
 Dolphin Delphinidae delphis
 Goat  Capra hircus
 Frog Anura ranidae
 Rabbit Leoparidae cuniculas
 Giraffe  Giraffa horridus
 Fox  Cannis vulpes
 Deer Artiodactyl cervidae
 Cobra Elaphidae naja
 Panda Alurpoda melanoleuca
 Ass  Equs asinus
 Horse  Equus ferus caballus
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