|End result|| Normally there are four cells, each cell has half the
number of chromosomes as the parent cell.
| Two cells, each cells has the same number of
chromosomes as that of the parent.
|Function||Sexual reproduction , production of gametes (sex cells).|| Cellular reproduction, growth, repair wear and tear of cells,
|Where it occurs?||Animals, fungi, plants, and some protists.||Occurs in all eukaryotic organisms.|
|Stages|| Steps in the process Prophase I, Metaphse I, Anaphase I,
Telophase I, Prophase II, Metaphase II, Anaphase II, Telophase II.
|Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase.|
|Genetical composition||Not similar to parents||Usually similar to parents.|
|Crossing over process||Occurs in Prophase I||Sometimes|
|Pairing of homologous chromosomes||Yes||No|
|Cytokinesis||Occurs in Telophase I and Telophase II||Occurs in Telophase|
|Splitting of chromosomes|| Does not occur in Anaphase I; occurs in
|Occurs in Anaphase|